Mountain Pine – Pinus Montana


Family: Pinaceae
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Part Used:

Buds

NOTE: These indications are only for use with embryonic plant stem cell tissues. Adult plants do not have the same constituents, actions or applications in most cases.

Pinus montana is an evergreen tree growing to 4.5 by 8 m (14 by 26 ft) and is hardy to zone 3. It is in leaf all year, in flower in June, and the seeds ripen in October. The scented flowers are monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and are pollinated by wind. The plant is not self-fertile.

Pines are among the most important commercial trees. Most of them have straight, unbranched and cylindrical trunks, which furnish large amounts of excellent saw timber. On account of the straight grain, strength, and other qualities of pine timber, it is used for nearly every sort of constructional work and the resulting trade is enormous.

All the pines yield resin in greater or smaller quantities; this is obtained by tapping the trees. The crude resin is almost entirely used for the distillation of Oil of Turpentine and Rosin, only small quantities being employed medicinally for ointments, plasters, etc. When the Oil of Turpentine is entirely distilled off, the residuum is Rosin or Colophony, but when only part of the oil is extracted, the viscous mass remaining is known commercially as common Crude Turpentine.

Oil of Turpentine is a good solvent for many resins, wax, fats, caoutchouc, sulphur, and phosphorus, and is largely employed in making varnish, oils for oil painting, etc. Medicinally, it is employed in both general and veterinary practice as a rubefacient and vesicant and is valuable as an antiseptic. It is used for horses and cattle internally as a vermifuge, and externally as a stimulant for rheumatic swellings for sprains and bruises, and to kill parasites.

Rosin is used not only by violinists for rubbing their bows, but it is also used in making sealing wax, varnish, resinous soaps for sizing paper and papier maché, and dressing hemp cordage, but one of its special uses is for making brewer's pitch for coating the insides of beer casks and for distilling resinous oils when the pitch used by shoemakers is left as residuum. Pitch is also used in veterinary practice.

Tar is impure turpentine, viscid, and brown-black in color, procured by destructive distillation from the roots of various coniferous trees, particularly from Pinus sylvestris. Tar is used medicinally, especially in veterinary practice, for its antiseptic, stimulant, diuretic, and diaphoretic action. Tar-water is given to horses with chronic cough and used internally and externally as a cutaneous stimulant and antiseptic for eczema. Oil of Tar is used instead of Oil of Turpentine in the case of mange, etc.
A considerable industry has grown up in the United States in the distillation of pine wood by means of steam under pressure.

One of the products thus obtained, which has considerable commercial importance, is known as Pine Oil. It has a pleasant odor, resembling that of caraway or Juniper Oil, and has been largely used for making paints which dry without gloss and as a ”flatting” material. It flows well under the brush and is a powerful solvent, and is useful for emulsion paints such as are now employed for inside work.

Pine resins are largely employed by the soap-maker for the manufacture of brown soaps. The trade in resins was for many years almost exclusively a French industry, and only in France were the pine forests turned to account for the production of resin on a commercial scale. Now, however, Switzerland, Sweden, Russia, and North America furnish quantities though, from the point of view of quality, the pines which flourish near Bordeaux furnish a resin still much in demand, and the turpentine extracted from there is abundant and one of the best qualities produced.

Edible Uses: Condiment.

A vanillin flavoring is obtained as a by-product of other resins that are released from the pulpwood.

The seeds of all species are edible. Young male cones, which grow only in the spring, can be eaten as a survival food, either boiled or baked. The edible bark of young twigs can be peeled off; one can chew the juicy inner bark which is rich in sugar and vitamins. Eat the seeds raw or cooked. Green pine needle tea is high in vitamin C.

Phytotherapy Indications: Anti-asthmatic, Balsamic, Cardiotonic, Expectorant. As a Rubefacient, diuretic, irritant; a valuable remedy in bladder, kidney, and rheumatic affections and diseases of the mucous membrane and respiratory complaints; externally in the form of liniment plasters and inhalants. The turpentine obtained from the resin of all pine trees is antiseptic, diuretic, rubefacient and vermifugic. It is a valuable remedy used internally in the treatment of kidney and bladder complaints and is used both internally and as a rub and steam bath in the treatment of rheumatic affections. It is also very beneficial to the respiratory system and so is useful in treating diseases of the mucous membranes and respiratory complaints such as coughs, colds, influenza and tuberculosis. Externally, it is a very beneficial treatment for a variety of skin complaints, wounds, sores, burns, boils, etc, and is used in the form of liniment plasters, poultices, herbal steam baths, and inhalers.

The apical branches are anti-asthmatic, balsamic, cardiotonic, and expectorant. When distilled, the leaves and branches yield an essential oil that is commonly used in pharmaceutical balsamic preparations because of its antiseptic and expectorant qualities. It is used internally and externally in the treatment of upper respiratory tract infections, chronic bronchitis, catarrh, and asthma. It is used externally to treat rheumatism and muscular stiffness.

Its oil, extracted from the leaves, is added to disinfectants and other preparations. Scots pine leaves, taken internally, have a mildly antiseptic effect within the chest and may also be used for arthritic and rheumatic problems. Essential oil from the leaves may be taken for asthma, bronchitis, and other respiratory infections, and for digestive disorders such as wind. Scots pine branches and stems yield a thick resin which acts as an antiseptic within the respiratory tract. The seeds yield an essential oil with diuretic and respiratory-stimulant properties.

Research has investigated the use of stanol esters derived from pine trees to reduce total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. (Herb Research Foundation, The Tan Sheet, June 5, 2000.) The leaves of pine contain a volatile oil (consisting mainly of alpha-pinene, but also including beta-pinene, delta-limonene, and other constituents). Since about 1992, an extract obtained from the outer covering of conifer trees has been making headlines nationwide and has virtually revolutionized the whole antioxidant movement within the health food industry. The substance is called pycnogenol. A 1999 study at the University of Munster in Germany concluded that pine bark extract, which contains similar OPCs, was much more effective at low doses than aspirin in inhibiting platelet aggregation in smokers. It was also noted that a single 200 mg dose of pine bark extract was effective over a 6-day period. Interestingly, the researchers found that aspirin significantly increased bleeding time, while the pine bark (pycnogenol) did not. It was concluded that OPCs act by inhibiting the formation of thromboxane A-2, a platelet aggregating compound. Obviously, Oligomeric Proanthocyanidins (OPCs and sometimes referred to as PAs or PCOs) have many potentially valuable health applications--notably enhanced cardiovascular health. Another study published in 2001 found that pycnogenol was able to reduce blood pressure in mildly hypertensive patients. There was a concomitant fall in blood thromboxane levels. The authors discussed the various effects of elevated thromboxane levels and also pointed out that pycnogenol increases production of nitric oxide (NO) by endothelial cells. NO is, of course, a vasodilator.

Bach flower applications: For the type of people who blame themselves and constantly apologize for anything that goes wrong, even when it is not their fault. The positive quality of this remedy is understanding that others make mistakes too, so not to reprimand oneself for everything. These applications apply also to Plant Stem Cell Therapy.


Abstracts of Published Research on Mountain Pine – Pinus Montana:

1. Methods Mol Biol. 2009;547:35-52.
Medicinal properties, in vitro protocols and secondary metabolite analyses of scots pine. Häggman H, Pirttilä AM, Niemi K, Sarjala T, Julkunen-Tiitto R.

2. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2009;60 Suppl 1:161-9. Epub 2009 May 22.
High tocopherol and triacylglycerol contents in Pinus pinea L. seeds. Nasri N, Tlili N, Ben Ammar K, Khaldi A, Fady B, Triki S.

3. J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2009 Apr;19(4):391-6.
Comparison of chemical compositions and antimicrobial activities of essential oils from three conifer trees; Pinus densiflora, Cryptomeria japonica, and Chamaecyparis obtusa. Lee JH, Lee BK, Kim JH, Lee SH, Hong SK.


Oligo-elements:

Fe, Ge, Mg, Mn, Si, Sr, Ti, Zn.


Vitamins and Minerals:

C, Choline.


Phytochemical Constituents:

(+)-Catechin, 1,8-Cineole, Adenine, Alpha-Carotene, Alpha-Phellandrene, Alpha-Pinene, Alpha-Terpinene, Anisaldehyde, Ascorbic-Acid, Beta-Carotene, Beta-Myrcene, Beta-Phellandrene, Beta-Pinene, Beta-Sitosterol, Borneol, Bornyl-Acetate, Butyric-Acid, Campesterol, Camphene, Capric-Acid, Caryophyllene, Chamazulene, Citral, Copaene (sesquiterpenes), Cuminaldehyde, D-Limonene, Dehydroabietane, Dehydroabietic-Acid, Delta-3-Carene, Delta-Cadinene, Dihydroquercetin, Dipentene, Epicatechin, Estragole, Eugenol-Methyl-Ether, Ferulic-Acid, Fructose, Furfural, Glucose, L-Limonene, Limonene, Lutein, N-Nonacosane, Neoabietic-Acid, Phenol, Pinitol, Pinocembrin, Pinosylvin, Protocatechuic-Acid, Pycnogenol, Quercetin, Quinic-Acid, Sabinene, Shikimic-Acid, Sucrose, Tannin, Taxifolin, Terpineol, Testosterone, Valeric-Acid, Vanillic-Acid, Xylose.

Pycnogenol is a flavonoid antioxidant. Also contains 40 different molecules, mainly flavonoids, as monomers, such as catechin, epicatechin and taxifolin, as well as condensed polymers designated as procyanidins. These molecules have antioxidant properties and may also act as modulators of metabolic enzymes, resulting in altered macrophage function, including reduced nitric oxide production. As a number of gastrointestinal diseases, such as Crohn's disease, have been associated with dysregulation of nitric oxide production. Contain a volatile oil (consisting mainly of alpha-pinene, but also including beta-pinene, and delta-limonene.

Pycnogenol shows astonishing 89 percent cure rate on diabetic leg ulcers, with zero side effects A study published September 7 2006 of the journal Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Homeostasis found that treating diabetic leg ulcers with Pycnogenol, a pine tree bark extract, resulted in a 74.4 percent decrease in ulcer size within six weeks of treatment


Plant Stem Cell Therapy Indications:
Natural profen


Musculoskeletal System:

'P' Wear & Tear of Articulations. Combats the destruction of Cartilage due to its Chondrocyte stimulation. Regenerates Bones, Cartilage, Ligaments and Tendons. Remineralizes the Spinal Column Vertebrae. Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis of hip, knee, vertebrae, Prevents Fractures, Arthrosis of small articulations, Chronic Inflammatory and Non Inflammatory Rheumatism, Fibromyalgia, Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Antisicatica, Analgesic, Antiinflammatory.Chamazulene is a natural profen with anti-inflammatory activity its similarity to fully synthetic ibuprofen drug substances. Chamazulene (cyclic sesquiterpenes): Analgesic; Antiallergic; Antiinflammatory; Antileukotriene; Potent Antioxidant; Antipyretic; Antiseptic; Antispasmodic; Pesticide; Vulnerary. Inhibitor of leukotriene B4 formation.


Gi-Digestive Hepatology:

'P' Anti H-Pylori, Ulcers. Crohn's disease reduced associated nitric oxide production. As a number of gastrointestinal diseases, have been associated with dysregulation of nitric oxide production.


Environmental Medicine:

'P' Removes Heavy Metals.


OBGYN/Reproductive System:

'A' pine buds use in women with dysmenorrhea did significantly benefit in pain reduction.


Endocrine System:

'A' Increases testosterone and increases libido. Diabetes, Diabetic ulcers.It is understood that in the body, pinitol is converted to D-chiro-inositol, which has roles as a secondary messenger in several metabolic processes including blood sugar control. It promotes glucose transport and glycogen synthesis, making it a very attractive supplement for the serious athlete or weekend warrior looking for increased energy and endurance.

Note that these plants do not contain testosterone but stimulate testosterone production and testicular function in males. To improve testosterone may require to suppress excess estrogen or lack of progesterone. Plants contains chemicals that fit into the testosterone receptor and cause it to fire as if testosterone itself were present - causing androgenic, or male-creating changes. These phytoandrogens also increase the activity of real testosterone.

Steroidal alkaloids derived from high sterol containing plants which ensure an increase in the body’s own production of testosterone by increasing the Luteinizing Hormone levels in the body. Increase both free and total testosterone levels enhancing, as a result, your sex drive and muscle building capabilities. It is believed that it exerts its effects through an increase in Luteinizing hormone (LH) levels, a hormone which in turn signals the body to increase its testosterone production.

Testosterone is responsible for increases in lean body mass and strength.


Neurology & Nervous System:

'A' Mild Antidepressant, Dystonia, fatigue, nervous exhaustion and stress-related conditions, neuralgia. A new research study has found that pine bark extract, marketed as Pycnogenol, may be an effective ADHD treatment. Pycnogenol has been shown to reduce hyperactivity in children. It also helped to improve focus and attention span and aided motor skills coordination in the children tested. A new study in the Journal of Nutritional Neuroscience is a continuation of a recent study done by scientists in Slovakia. The new study takes the research even further to measure the hormone levels in children using blood samples. Stress hormone levels dropped in children who took Pycnogenol, which accounted for improved attention span and other ADHD symptoms. Pycnogenol naturally lowers adrenaline levels as well as dopamine levels, thus reducing ADHD symptoms. For this purpose you would need 10-30 drops 3 x a day. Mild Antidepressant, Dystonia, fatigue, nervous exhaustion and stress-related conditions, neuralgia.


Infectious Diseases:

'A' Contains 29 Antibacterial phytochemicals Antistaphylococcic, Antistreptococcic and 18 Antiviral phytochemicals 8 of them Antiherpetic. Anticandida. Contains pineol which stimulates the immunity also has anti-viral and anti-bacterial properties. Proven to be anti-gram positive and anti-gram negative, E-Coli and Staph Aureus also for Candida Albicans.Stimulates the salivary glands de-toxicant. Cuminaldehyde, or 4-isopropylbenzaldehyde, is a natural organic compound with the molecular formula C10 H12O. It is a benzaldehyde with an isopropyl group substituted in the 4-position. It activates our salivary glands in our mouth (the mouth watering flavor), facilitating the primary digestion of the food. Also a good de-toxicants which help in the regular removal of toxins from body, through the excretory system, and not through boils.Pinosylvin a plant toxin exhibited more potent growth inhibitory activity against Candida albicans and Saccharomyces cerevisiae.


Cardio Vascular System:

'A'Lowers LDL Cholesterol. Reduces blood pressure in mild hypertension. Cardiotonic.


Hematology Oncology:

'A' Hemochromatosis. Inhibits the formation of thromboxane A-2, a platelet aggregating compound due to its content of Oligomeric Proanthocyanidins. OPC’s are much more effective at low doses than aspirin. Anticancer, Antitumor Breast, Colon, Gastric, Pancreas, Prostate. Apoptotic.Copaene (tricyclic sesquiterpenes): Carminative. The combination of α-pinene (28.3%), β-caryophyllene (13.2%), α-humulene (13.1%), and α-copaene (8.1%), showed pronounced in-vitro cytotoxic activity against MCF-7, MDA-MB-468, and UACC-257 human tumor cell lines. The major components showed cytotoxic activities comparable to doxorubicin.


Pulmonary:

'A' Asthma, Bronchitis.


Hematology Oncology:

'A' Antitumor in Breast Cancer.


Homeopathy:

Anti-Sycosis. Kidneys & Bladder